Glossary J-Q


Java is a programming language originally developed by Sun Microsystems. Java applications can run on any Java virtual machine (JVM) regardless of computer architecture. Java is the programming language used in our SDK
Job binding
A function available in DeskTopBinder, that allows the user to combine individual pages from documents of various sources and print it out as one, preventing time-consuming and inefficient manual sorting. See also batch printing
Job Interrupt
Copier function that enables the user to interrupt a ‘time consuming’ job for a short (important) copy job. After the copy has been made, the machine continuous with the ‘time consuming’ job.
Job log
A record of a copy, print, scan or fax job on a device. Job logs record user and device activity for costing, security, maintenance and general user convenience
Joint Photographic Experts Group is together with GIF the most popular file formats for graphics used on the Internet.
The JPEG format, with its support for 16.7 million colours, is primarily intended for photographic images.
The internal compression algorithm of the JPEG format, actually throws out information.
Depending on what settings you use, the thrown out data may (‘lossy’ compression) or may not (‘lossless’ compression) be visible to the eye.


KB/ Kilobyte
When describing data storage, a KB represents 1,024 bytes. When describing data transfer rates, a KB represents 1,000 bytes. Since ‘kilo’ indicates one thousand, a kilobyte would logically seem to be 1,000 bytes. In fact, it’s 1,024 bytes. This has to do with the fact that all computers use the binary system and work in multiples of 8.
Kbps (Kilobit per second) equals 1000 bits per second
Kerberos is, like NTLM, an authentication protocol used for Windows- and LDAP Authentication. The protocol was called after the Greek mythological character Kerberos, a monstrous three-headed guard dog of the underworld



LAN fax
Fax function to send a fax from a computer, without the need to print it first, saving paper and the environment
Large Capacity Input Tray
Large Capacity Input Tray (LCIT) is similar to a LCT.
The addition of the i in it’s name is done to distinguish it from ‘another’ optional LCT (MFP/printer) or from the LCOT (Duplicator).
Large Capacity Output Tray
Large Capacity Output Tray (LCOT) is a paper output unit which enlarge the output capacity and thereby the overall productivity (less human interference) of that device (Duplicator).
Large Capacity Tray
A Large Capacity Tray (LCT) is a paper input unit which can hold a multiple of 500 sheets (multiple of 1 ream of paper) reducing the need for frequent refills (down time).
Although some high range devices come with an LCT as standard, most mid to high range devices can be extended with an optional LCT, extending the standard (default) paper capacity.
LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol) is a protocol (TCP/IP port 389) used by devices to connect to a LDAP server, which contains accessing information directories, like all e-mail addresses or telephone numbers.
Locked Print
Print function to store ‘confidential’ print jobs on the MFP/printer and release (print) them only after entering the correct password at the device. Hard disk is required.



Magazine mode
A copy function which arranges the page order of the originals (1-sided or 2-sided) in such a way that after printing and folding, the output can be binded like a magazine.
The MFP requires ARDF and duplex functionality and often used in combination with a Booklet Finisher (saddle stitch).
Very similar to ‘Book mode’ with the difference in the way the folded pages are grouped/combined.
Mail to Print
A method of printing where users attach the file they want to print to an email, and send the email to the target printing device. The attached file is printed automatically. Typically, only one attachment is printed per email, and file formats are JPEG or PDF
MCV (Maximum Monthly Copy Volume) is the maximum number of copies/prints per month a device is build for (quality is guaranteed), with in mind the estimated unit life (= 5 years). MCV × 12 months × 5 years = Product life time.
MFP (Multiple Function Product) is a device that performs more than one function in a single unit, such as copying, faxing, scanning, and printing.
MH – Modified Huffman
MH (Modified Huffman) is a coding method, which looks at the run length of consecutive number of pixels of the same colour (black and white) for each scan line (main scan) and gives it a code. MH encoding determines the most common run lengths and gives them the shortest codes.
MMR – Modified Modified Read
MMR (Modified Modified Read) is a coding method in which data is treated by the page. The first line of the page is MH coded, and then all the following lines on the page are MR coded using the first line as the reference line.
MR – Modified Read
MR (Modified Read) is a line-by-line coding method. The first line is MH coded, and is treated as a reference line for coding the second line. The second line is expressed as the difference between itself and the reference line. Then, the second line becomes the reference line for the third line, and so on.



Network Fax
Name frequently used for Internet Fax and/or IP Fax.
Network Interface Card/Board
Accessory required connect a device into a LAN. The most common standard is Ethernet, which comes in two main flavours: 10BaseT and the faster 100BaseT.
Network Protocol
A set of predetermined rules that allow two entities (computer, MFP, printer) to communicate in a LAN.

OCR (Optical Character Recognition) is the process of converting a scanned image of a handwritten, typewritten or printed text into an editable text file.
OHP sheet
OHP (Overhead Projector) sheet or transparency sheet was media used for presentations (overhead projector), but more and more replaced by presentation software (PowerPoint).
OHP Slip Sheet
A function on some MFPs preventing OHP sheets (transparencies) from sticking together by placing an plain paper sheet in between.

Page Description Language (PDL)
A language that describes how a device should print a document. Examples of PDLs are PCL, PostScript and IPDS.
Paperless Fax
Function that allow incoming faxes, to be stored, instead of printed, in the SAF memory of the fax/MFP. Web Image Monitor and/or DeskTopBinder allows the user to view them from behind the workstation.
Parallel printing
A function of SmartDeviceMonitor for Client that allows users to split print jobs between 2 or more devices.
PC fax
Fax function to send a fax from a computer, without the need to print it first, saving paper and the environment.
PCL driver
Printer driver to be installed on a computer to print on a PCL5c, PCL5e or PCL6 printer.
PDF Direct Print
Print function to print PDF documents on the MFP/printer, bypassing a printer driver. PostScript functionality is required on the MFP/printer.
PDF Password encryption
Security function that encrypts the owner password of PDF files (used to prevent unauthorised editing, printing and copying) preventing it to be seen (wiretapping) when using PDF Direct print.
PictBridge support
Print function enabling the connection of a digital camera directly to a printer without the need for a computer. Operation is done from camera.
PNG (Portable Network Graphics) is a file format for graphics.
PNG was designed to offer the main features of the GIF format and surpass its limitations (256 colours), but does not support animation.
Printer Description language developed by Adobe in the early 1980s and is known for its (colour) quality. Current version is PostScript3.
PostScript (Macintosh)
An Apple Macintosh computer comes with a ‘general’ PostScript printer driver as standard. In order to address the product specific features of our PostScript MFPs/printers, a PPD (PostScript Printer Description) file needs to be installed on the Macintosh system.
Printable area
The maximum print area of a device, expressed in millimetres (mm). Most printers cannot print to the edges of the paper, because the edges are gripped by rollers to move the paper through the paper path. Some printers can print to three edges of the paper—this is called three-edge bleed.
PxP toner
PxP (Polyester Polymerization) toner is a chemically manufactured toner, developed by Ricoh, requiring a lower fusing temperature, which contributes to energy conservation.
Compared to traditional toner particles made by crushing materials, the energy (in CO2) required to manufacture PxP toner is reduced approximately 35%. It offers a higher image quality as the shape and size of the toner particles are much more consistent.


Quick dial
The maximum amount of fax numbers (destinations) that can be programmed as ‘one-button-dials’. In newer products with large LCD displays, there is no real difference between Quick dials and Speed dials as the number of steps are the same.

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